Former Commissioner for Energy and Mineral Resources in Lagos State, Olawale Oluwo, has stated categorically that government in Lagos State starts and ends in the house of the national leader of All Progressives Congress (APC), Bola Ahmed Tinubu. Oluwo, who spoke at Afang Summit, organized by a Lagos-based investment banker, Joseph Edgar, also gave insight into the power play that denied former Lagos State governor, Akinwumi Ambode his second term bid.
In his words, “Part of the things we were doing before they stopped our government was building terminals and bus depots all over the state. If completed, the project will take out completely those garages that have been there for decades. It’s those garages that are producing touts. There is no need for National Union of Road Transport Workers (NURTW).
“The NURTW makes N82 billion every year from Lagos, which is almost 10 per cent of our budget. So, these things would have eliminated the commercial danfo, the molue, tricycle, and okada and the same guys will be the ones running the new transport system. We never used to ride okada. So, why would okada be normal? This is one of the things we were trying to eliminate. The okada and agbero we see today were not in that future.
“I think the Lagos of three to four years may not be the Lagos of the last three to four years. Lagos will change; the change will be tough, rough, and I believe it will be bloody. It will be delusional to think you want to go and do a struggle and you are thinking of coming back. Until you are able to make coming back home a probability, you are not qualified to lead the struggle. You might be qualified to be a supporter or sympathizer of a struggle but you can’t be at the forefront, because nothing good comes easy. Do you think they will leave power and move on?”
On why the powers that-be moved against Ambode, Oluwo said, “Don’t judge a man you don’t know and you have never met before. People manipulate people to destroy people and they succeeded in doing that to Ambode. “Ambode deliberately decided not to talk. So, it’s not balanced. One side was busy feeding the public with a negative story. I was not only a government official, I was also close to him and I was a member of his kitchen cabinet. I know the time he will talk will come. Ambode has made his own determination not to talk for now.”
On how Ambode became Lagos State governor, Oluwo recounted his meeting with Delta State-born businessman, Albert Okumagba who “told me that Ambode would be governor of Lagos in 2012 and I laughed. I told him then that even if I don’t know who would be governor of Lagos, I know those who would not be governor, that if they were sharing it for free Ambode was one of those who cannot rule Lagos. And I did not work for Ambode during the primary. I worked for the former Speaker of Lagos Assembly, Adeyemi Ikuforiji, because he is my maternal cousin and I gave him my commitment in 2007 that I would support him in anything.
“I never knew Ambode until Okumagba introduced me to him in 2011 when I took a proposal to his house, and I think at that period, Asiwaju Tinubu had told Ambode that he would be governor of the state. So, Ambode is not the kind of guy they woke up from sleep to be the state governor. I didn’t believe it when I was told. I didn’t work for him during the primary because I did not believe Tinubu was behind him.”
Oluwo also spoke about the battle Babatunde Raji Fashola fought before securing his second term. According to him, “I don’t want to believe that Tinubu has the intention of making anybody a governor and then give him a second term. Fashola was not meant to go for the second term. There was a plan to stop Fashola; I was in Ikuforiji’s camp at that time and Asiwaju told him to start preparing. Whatever that meant, I don’t know, and Ikuforiji was the only one that came to contest against Fashola during the primary. So, people say probably it was because of Fashola’s popularity that earned him a second term. The answer is, ‘no!’ It had nothing to do with that. It’s just that that thing (federal might), Asiwaju did not have it in 2011. That was what made him succumb to Fashola going for the second term; he had it (federal might) in 2015. If the party had been in power in 2011, Fashola would never have gone back, because these guys (Fashola and Ambode) are technocrats. They don’t have any party of their own; they don’t have structure. PDP was ready to give Fashola the ticket before Asiwaju ran back.”
Oluwo also spoke on the Afang Summit’s theme, ‘The Economy: What Hope?’, saying, “Anybody can build a structure but a man that has access to state’s money to build a structure is different. If Ambode had known a year earlier that he won’t come back, it would have been a different thing, because they sold a dummy to him and to all of us but I didn’t believe them and I told my people that they were being deceived. Ambode did not fight because of Buhari. One, Ambode didn’t know that Buhari would be aloof and will not get himself involved. Two, he had too much respect for Vice President Yemi Osinbajo.
“They sold Ambode a dummy, that the ticket will be given to him, but they just wanted to shake him and they were sending people to tell him, ‘don’t worry, you are too popular to be stopped.’”
Oluwo also spoke about the relationship between Ambode and Lagosians, noting, “There are things Lagosians didn’t like. Refuse became a disaster; they didn’t like the Land Use Charge, but that doesn’t affect the ticket of a political party. The refuse problem is not as serious as killings under Buhari. As long as you are on the right platform of a political party and they have money they can share, some Nigerians will sell their votes and look the other way and let you write the result. That is the level of our development at this time.
“Yes, mistakes were made on Visionscape, but in every reform, you are displacing vested interests. They would fight back and take you down or destroy the programme. Visionscape has its own problem, but they escalated it. But one thing is sure, Lagos will go back to Vissionscape reform; they may repackage it, do the naming ceremony for it but they will surely go back because that is the only way to manage waste and the transportation programme we put together.”
On what Ambode would have done differently if he had realised early that he would not get the ticket of the party, Oluwo said, “Forget about the party leaders; they don’t count. That thing they call Governor’s Advisory Council (GAC) is a toothless bulldog; they don’t have one per cent relevance in the scale of hundred. Ambode was too popular for them. So, what Abode should have done was to have gone to his principal to say, oga, anything you do, we are going into this second term together, give me my second term and I will give you everything you want’. The truth is that Ambode never had any issue with Tinubu; it was people that came in between them.
“Nobody has power in Lagos outside Bourdillon. If Ambode had given the impression that he was ready to fight, they would sit him down. It is about power and resources; power does not belong to these people. The lesson learned is that you can be given something on a platter of gold, but you may not sustain it on a platter of gold.”
Board disharmony and a persistent breach of governance rules, manifested in the avoidable exposure to the risks and liabilities, including the huge Non-Performing Loans (NPL), portfolio from the pig-headed acquisition of Diamond Bank, is threatening to bring Access Bank to its knees, according to a portfolio review report of Access Bank by Moody's Investors Service.
“Access's b3 BCA reflects the negative pressure on the bank's solvency profile following its merger with Diamond Bank Plc (Diamond), a bank with a significantly weaker credit profile, which resulted in a higher NPL ratio and lower capital buffers. These challenges are balanced against Access's strong track record in mergers and acquisitions, the bank's fair capital buffers, although now lower and its resilient profitability,” Moody’s noted in the report, released on Thursday, August 8, 2019.
According to Moody’s, Access bank was already burdened with a huge portfolio of Non-Performing Loans when it acquired an overburdened Diamond bank. After the acquisition of Diamond bank in March, Moody's assigned a Senior Unsecured National Scale Rating (NSR) of A1.ng to Access Bank's issuance of up to NGN15 billion five-year senior unsecured notes. The Senior Unsecured NSR rating was recently reviewed and downgraded, in line with Access Bank's other downgraded credit profile ratings.
The report noted that the failure by Access bank to redeem its promise to pay back its $400m Eurobond in 2019 two years early as the bond will no longer qualify as capital for capital adequacy ratio purposes, hence uneconomical to continue to pay interest; has set-off alarm bells in the industry. Banking sources told Huhuonline.com that Access CEO, Herbert Wigwe’s recurring insistence to take final decisions on issues of importance, rooted in "ownership" mentality, irrespective of assessed consequences, have aggravated board politics and might precipitate the bank’s collapse.
With the June deadline to pay back its $200m Eurobond inherited from Diamond bank now passed and gone, Access Bank still needs about N240B to pay the cash due to Diamond Bank's shareholders and pay the $600m (N216B) due to bondholders of both banks in 2019. As a consequence, the bank is raising fresh debt of $250m and also embarking on an equity rights issue to generate $200m naira equivalent to enable it pay off these obligations.
Sources at Access Bank who elected anonymity confided to Huhuonline.com that Wigwe was overly confident that Access Bank will muzzle the delinquent debtors of Diamond Bank to repay their debts. That confidence turned out to be a luxurious desire as the so-called VIP debtors simply ignored Wigwe’s threat to publish their names in an apparent naming and shaming campaign. Access had threatened to publish the names of all its delinquent debtors, associated persons and directors of the entities if they failed to pay up in two weeks. Access Bank stated in a statement on its website that the decision was in line with the directive from the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) and advised all debtors (including former Diamond Bank debtors) to pay up their past due obligations in order to avoid punitive actions.
“Please note that we shall publish our debtors' names in newspapers in two weeks. Similarly, in the event that these obligations are not fulfilled, we shall take such further actions against such delinquent individuals and companies as we may consider necessary and shall relentlessly pursue full recovery of all our debts. For incorrigible debtors, who continue to pose a risk to our system, we will use all means available and collaborate with our colleagues in the industry to ensure that they are excommunicated from the banking system. Furthermore, all debtors will be sanctioned by the CBN and banned from participating in the Nigerian Foreign Exchange and Securities Exchange Markets, and registered on the Credit Risk Management Systems (CRMS) Bureau as bad debtors making them, their directors and related entities illegible for any credit in the Nigerian Financial Markets,” the statement read.
Access Bank acquired Diamond Bank in a deal worth more than $90 million. The move, analysts said, may make Access Bank Nigeria's largest bank by customer size and capital base. Business Insider's analysis of the deal showed it was worth more than the publicly stated $90 million. Bloomberg news estimated the real value of the deal at a figure around $200 million. For Access CEO, Herbert Wigwe, the "merger" with Diamond Bank and its leadership in digital and mobile-led retail banking, "will accelerate our ambition to become a leading corporate and retail bank in Nigeria and a Pan-African financial services champion. This is a huge step towards the delivery of our goal to bring the power of banking to millions of people across Nigeria and an exciting transaction for Access Bank and Diamond Bank's customers, staff and shareholders," he noted in March when CBN sanctioned the hostile take-over.
The Moody's report also noted that Access Bank’s senior unsecured NSR rating was downgraded “to reflect the potential negative pressures on capital and asset risk metrics as a result of Access Bank's merger with Diamond Bank Plc.” Moody’s also sounded the alarm that the precarious loan default risks are bound to persist because Access Bank’s solvency indicators have deteriorated and funding metrics have been materially strained by the Diamond Bank merger. Access Bank has a very limited angle of manoeuver to improve its capital position in order to support its larger balance sheet, hence “an upgrade is not likely given that Access's ratings are on review for downgrade,” Moody’s noted.
The Moody’s report underscored Access Bank's weak asset quality metrics and relatively fragile loan underwriting standards and risk management processes, insignificant local currency liquidity buffers, and precarious capital buffers; weaknesses which are exacerbated by “Nigeria's challenging operating environment which negatively affects banks' asset quality and revenue growth, and concentration risks in the bank's loan book, including its exposure to loans denominated in foreign currencies.”
The report cited the Central Bank of Nigeria’s (CBN’s) last month’s directive that all deposit money banks (DMBs) should maintain a minimum loan to deposit ratio of 60% by September 30, 2019 to promote investment in the real sector and enhance economic growth. The apex bank also reduced to N2 billion from N7.5 billion the maximum remunerable daily placement by a bank at the CBN Standing Deposit Facility (SDF) at the interest rate prescribed by the Monetary Policy Committee (MPC). At its meeting in July, the MPC retained the monetary policy rate (MPR) at 13.5%, the SDF at 8.5%, the cash reserve ratio at 22.5% and the liquidity ratio at 30%. Obviously, the CBN directive is designed to plump up loanable funds, but the MPR-in-corridor is a strange CBN contraption, which has hamstrung the economy.
The point must be made and with emphasis that Access Bank does not pay up to 8.5% interest on fixed deposits by customers? Worse still, the remuneration of the SDF is made up of an unmerited fiat printed and inflation-causing subsidy that is doled out on loanable bank deposits, which prospective borrower businesses and individuals find unattractive owing to Access Bank’s high prime and maximum lending rates. Consequently, with unchanged high MPR, Access Bank will still be unable to serve cash strapped real sector operators with loans under the CBN 60% loan to deposit ratio directive.
The CBN switched focus to boosting economic output post-recession by telling banks to lend more or face a rise in minimum reserve requirements. Access Bank has to walk a tight rope as the bank now poses a systemic risk to the Nigerian economy. Following the hostile takeover of Diamond Bank, Access Bank inherited a 19 million customer-base, comprising 10 million mobile users; 7,000 digital and financial inclusion customers; 277- branch network; and 10.2 million credit/debit cards issued by Diamond Bank. Unfortunately, those assets came with a huge cost to Access bank which also inherited a portfolio of Non-Performing Loans of 12.6%, against 5% industry benchmark, with attendant high impairment charges. Specifically, the huge NPL predisposed Access bank to yearly impairment charges of over N25 billion, with outstanding loans and advances to Diamond customers standing at N749.3 billion.
Apart from the assessed poor risk culture, inefficient capital management was also identified as having eaten deep into Access Bank leading to low returns on assets, while cost-to-income ratio is high. Even more worrisome, operating costs of Access bank rose by 6.2 per cent due to foreign exchange rate impact following the devaluation of the naira. Although Access Bank sources said that inherited legacy debts from Diamond Bank remain in the books, there were hundreds of others added by the bank's current leadership, but worsened by strong defiance of venture into other areas of banking.
While Access bank intends to be the leading retail bank in Nigeria following its acquisition of Diamond, the income from retail cannot accommodate fully provisioning requirements in corporate and business banking. The only option for the troubled Access Bank is to trade its independence by going cap in hand to beg for a bailout by the CBN. The Moody’s report indicated such a possibility was already underway, explaining that the Buhari administration is well aware that Access has become too big to fail. “Access Bank Plc's (Access) B2 long-term local currency deposit rating incorporates one notch of government support from the bank's b3 baseline credit assessment (BCA), reflecting our assessment of high probability of government support,” the report concluded.
“Access has a strong track record of acquisition and integration and has a clear growth strategy. Access and Diamond Bank have complementary operations and similar values, and a merger with Diamond, with its leadership in digital and mobile-led retails banking, could accelerate our strategy as a significant corporate and retail bank in Nigeria and a Pan-African financial services champion," Access CEO, Herbert Wigwe, said in a statement after the hostile takeover of Diamond Bank in March.
It is not easily believable to say that the deal was merger, when Access Bank offered N3.13 per share of Diamond Bank, which was trading at N1.37. If one party is paying the other in cash consideration, by buying the other's shares, it cannot be called merger; rather it is an acquisition, and in this case, it was a hostile take-over which left the investors of Diamond Bank better as it is, than those of Access Bank, as the load of non-performing loans inherited from Diamond is weighing down Access bank’s lending operations and performance, and as such, a huge threat that could eventually bring the bank down.
In The Spotlight
The impropriety was simply mind-boggling and inexcusable, but the assault of former Deputy President of the Senate, Ike Ekweremadu, who was attacked by members of the proscribed Indigenous Peoples of Biafra (IPOB) in Nuremberg, Germany last Saturday was pathetic, disgraceful and devoid of any perfunctory exaggeration. The video of the incident that went viral on social media was another blight on the toga of Nigeria’s battered international image as a country with highly dysfunctional institutions where bizarre things can, and do happen. The assault, and the reasons advanced to justify the dastardly act are unacceptable, and Ndigbo owe Nigerians a full apology for the national embarrassment.
Ekweremadu confirmed the attack in a statement by his Media Aide, Uche Anichukwu. In the 64-second video, Ekweremadu was seen being violently questioned over his alleged conspiracy with the Federal Government to proscribe IPOB in the Southeast and killing several of its followers. There were initial speculations on the veracity of the video where Ekweremadu was attacked with eggs by the irate IPOB members.
“I attended the Second Annual Cultural Festival and Convention organized by Ndigbo Germany in Nuremberg today where I was billed to give a keynote address along with the President-General of Ohanaeze Ndigbo, Chief Nnia Nwodo, who however could not make it eventually. I was given a resounding welcome by Ndigbo in Germany and everything went smoothly until some men, who identified themselves as IPOB members stormed the venue and began to complain about the killings in the South East, stressing that there would be no Igbo event at the venue. I tried to engage them, but when they became unruly, I had to leave the venue. The organisers also invited the police and I was accompanied out of the venue.
“Much as I am disappointed in their conduct, especially as I am one of the persons, who have spoken up on justice for Ndigbo, the Python Dance, judicial killings in Igbo land and elsewhere both on the floor of the Senate and in my written and personal engagements with the Presidency and the media as well as rallied the South East Senate Caucus to secure Mazi Nnamdi Kanu’s release with Senator Enyinnaya Abaribe taking him on bail to douse tension in the South East, I nevertheless do not hold this to heart against them, for they know not what they do,” Ekweremadu noted.
It is just as well that a towering babel of criticism and condemnation has trailed the incident with the Nigerian embassy in Berlin saying the perpetrators will be court-martialed. Deputy Senate President, Ovie Omo-Agege described the attack as an affront against the Igbos and Nigeria. In a statement by his Special Adviser on Media and Publicity, Yomi Odunuga, Omo-Agege said the attack was not “only a dastardly exportation of irrationality but an aggressive international affront against the image of Igbos and Nigeria.” The PDP Board of Trustees (BoT) called the attack unwarranted. “The attack was totally uncalled for, unacceptable and unjustified. We therefore call on the federal government to address the issues that led to this attack.”
But even as condemnations continue to fly in from all quarters, Nigerians should take a deep breath and ask why Ekweremadu was assaulted in the first place. Huhuonline.com understands that the IPOB members were incensed that Ekweremadu desecrated the traditional Igbo outfit he wore to the event by adorning it with the Nigerian coat-of-arms. For an Igbo man who has witnessed the extra-judicial slaughter of Igbos in the so-called Operation Python Dance, this attire which suggested patriotic support was naked provocation and an affront on the collective sensibilities to IPOB which continues to question the basis of their co-existence in the face of Igbo marginalization and systemic exclusion from the commanding heights of authority positions within the Nigerian federation.
By this singular act of civic callousness, dancing in mockery even as the Igbo nation continues to mourn and count its dead, Ekweremadu advertised a certain hollowness in morality that dragged Nigeria and the Igbo nation down to a hitherto unprecedented low in ethical degeneration. This insensitivity betrayed a weakness of asinine proportions. Whoever gave Ekweremadu the obnoxious idea of lampooning the traditional Igbo outfit during an event to mark the New Yarm festival, may not have realized the implication of parodying the Igbo nation, but it exposed in spectacular fashion, the quality of Ekweremadu’s character and raised fundamental questions about his judgment.
The impropriety of Ekweremadu wearing that adulterated outfit was the nadir of gracelessness and should ordinarily not jolt any public outrage. In the event, the self-seeking morons who chose to plumb the abyss of self-degradation and drag the nation down to a hitherto unprecedented low in ethical degeneration, have done a great disservice to the Igbo nation and the cause IPOB is fighting for. It is even more grievous than the whimsical, disdainful and mundane craving by self-aggrandizing political jobbers, who have seized the opportunity to cast the Igbos as treasonable felons. Nnamdi Kalu, to whom much has been given; and from whom much is expected, must have the gumption and circumspection to sense damaging events that may portray the Igbos and the country in bad light, and act proactively to preempt them. His applause of the assault on a fellow Igbo man who rescued him from jail was shamefully pathetic and a clear example of that inherent predilection for digging a grave beyond the proverbial six feet.
Nnamdi Kalu’s twitting his support of the assault on an elected official in a foreign country was amateurish, senseless, unimaginable, disgraceful and advertised a hollowness in morality that challenged sundry observers to question his character. Lacking in any principled intention to honor the memory of Igbo civilians who have paid the ultimate price in pursuit of the Biafra project championed by IPOB and Kalu, the public defense of brigandage by Kalu was nothing short of a desecration of Ndigbo, and a smear on IPOB and sundry groups that symbolize the sovereign will of the Igbo people.
Certainly, no modicum of morality or decorum supports Ekweremadu’s reckless display of insensitivity, but some pertinent points need to be made. One is that the quality of leadership in Ndigbo has been exposed, in spectacular fashion, to the whole world. The self-righteous indignation by some Ndigbo leaders is a sad comment and an unflattering advertisement of the division that pervades Ndigbo leadership. It illustrates another poor dimensioning of the stature of Ndigbo and the amplification of the absence of purposeful leadership, from the group championing the cause for an Igbo presidency in 2023.
While some will dismiss the odious act of assaulting an elected official in a foreign country as simply bizarre, desultory and even comical, the brazenness, callousness and audacity of the act, was a bad joke taken too far. It is surprising that this indiscretion has not engendered an apology from the organizers of the event or, perhaps, worse still, enjoyed their approval. Whatever the case, this debauchment is a clear demonstration of how low the image and reputation of Nigeria has now gravitated. And the reprehensible action has no redeeming value, as it is neither edifying to Nigeria, nor to IPOB’s image as a pan-Igbo organization. Indeed, more sinister motives can be inferred from this buffoonery but far more than anger or anything else it engendered, questions must be asked: why Ekweremadu indulged in such despicable and indecorous conduct by adorning his traditional outfit with the official coat-of-arms?
What goes on in the mind of such a person? Pray, how can anyone justify such a willfully unscrupulous and vainglorious desire to propagate such high level official rascality and imprudent display of statecraft? The motive aside, this sad episode advertises a certain pettiness at the highest level of the nation’s leadership. By his perfunctory action, the former deputy senate president, impoverished the sobriety and dignity of the upper legislative chamber in ways that ridiculed not only Ekweremadu, but the entire country. Without equivocation, the absence of stately comportment by persons who, by authority and common trust are saddled with the responsibility of running the nation’s affairs has rendered Nigeria a fertile ground for breeding the improbable. This is a tragedy Nigeria can do without.
It will be dignifying if a thorough probe is done to reveal the perpetrators of this national shame. For, after all is considered, public office is a call to national duty and only the ready, willing, and able deserve it. The job of a Senator of the Federal Republic is a tough, thoughtful and burdensome position that demands self-discipline, gumption, prudence and sagacity. A Senator should not do, and must never use the platform of a foreign visit to advertise their profligacy to embroil the country in anomie. This public humiliation scandal is a telling sign of a weak governance culture that does no good to Ekweremadu’s reputation or the country’s image.
The humiliation of Ekweremadu in faraway Germany was an affront to the nation and Ndigbo leaders at all levels must hide their heads in shame. Indeed, Nigerians may have borne the untold shame and embarrassment with equanimity, but let Ndigbo not be in any doubt that the country has been mightily insulted. And never again should it happen. The next time Senator Ekweremadu decides to celebrate the New Yam Festival abroad, he should remember this quote from famed author and Ndigbo prominent son, Chinua Achebe who said: “He who travels to eat his ancestral YAM in a foreign country should be ready for the wrath of Dike the warrior of the seven seas and seven mountains.”
In The Spotlight
There is pain. There is anger. And there is collective rage in the land. Nigerians are empty of options and are seeking avenues for a purge; for catharsis. The season of retribution may be upon us sooner than we imagine.
The physical abuse of former deputy senate president Ike Ekweremadu at an Igbo forum by some young men in Germany, though condemnable, betokens the onset of nemesis. In a video recording in circulation, while the lawmaker was being assaulted, his abusers could be heard saying: “What have you done? People are dying.’’ This is the question most Nigerians have been asking their leaders helplessly.
Ekweremadu may be a victim of constrained anger – if one is to go by the confessions of his assaulters in the video. He may not be the worst of his ilk. But situating his antecedents and the expectations of most people from the southeast, he, perhaps, set himself up for criticisms. He has been a senator since 2003. And he has been deputy-senate president for eight years. But the question is, in what way has his exalted position being of benefit to the area or the region he represents? What development has he influenced to the section?
Inland ports are an essential transportation need of the southeast, a bill to establish them has often been ignored at the senate, where Ekweremadu was the second most powerful man. Even in the 16 years of the PDP, a party the southeast bent obsequiously for, bills to have these facilities and other projects sited in the region were not considered.
I have often wondered aloud, ‘’what exactly did the PDP do for the southeast in 16 years besides empowering a few people in the neighbourhood of power?’’
However, a statement by the media office of Ekweremadu says the attack was orchestrated by members of the Indigenous People of Biafra (IPOB). This is plausible, but does it obviate the kindler of the outburst? Though, the lawmaker had run the gauntlet in certain cases, there is an assumption that he did not and has not taken up the responsibility providence surrendered into his hands.
Nigerians are peeved. And the parlous state of things is breeding more children of anger. Some months ago, a seething mob hauled stones at some (APC) lawmakers who visited their constituencies in Katsina. They escaped, but not unscathed.
The citizens’ rage is not spared for any party. Some lawmakers in the APC cannot go to their constituencies without heavy security escort. The situation is progressively-degenerative; citizens are angrier now than before, seeking outlets for quick release.
But I must concede that Nigerians are still too tranquilised for a mass action against the factors of their suffering. That ‘’uprising’’ happened in Germany because the country is a ‘’liberte’’ society; not where ‘’uprisers’’ will be neutralised with live bullets. Ekweremadu went to a country where Nigerians live untamed.
Nevertheless, violence is not an instrument of change, but of destruction; it should not be found in the quarters of civilised people. Violence is not only physical. Corruption is violence. Stealing is violence. Nepotism is violence. Incompetence is a form of violence.
Leaders quench this fire.
by Fredrick Nwabufo @FredrickNwabufo